Animals in sudan

Sudan has five main vegetational belts in succession from north to south, more or less in coincidence with rainfall patterns. The desert region in the north is followed southeastward by semidesert, low-rainfall and high-rainfall savanna grassland with inland floodplains, and mountain vegetation regions. The desert region, with hardly any rainfall, supports permanent vegetation only near watercourses.

The semidesert, with minimal rainfall, supports a mixture of grasses and acacia scrub. Farther south appear low-rainfall savannas that consist of grasses, thorny trees, and baobab trees. The high-rainfall savannas of southern Sudan are more lush, with rich grasses along the Nile that support a large number of cattle.

There are intermittent woodlands that dot this belt. Further dangers to plant life are the effects of overstocking, soil erosion, the lowering of the water tableand the advance of the desert from the north. Several species of monkeys are found in the forests.

Resident birds include bustards, guinea fowland storks. Reptiles include crocodiles and various lizards. Sudan has several protected nature areas, including game reserves and national parks. The Sudanese people boast several major ethnic groups and hundreds of subgroups, and they speak numerous languages and dialects.

In many ways, the concept of ethnicity in Sudan is closely related to language and religion. Despite a common language and religion, the Arabs do not constitute a cohesive group: they are highly differentiated in their mode of livelihood and comprise city dwellers, village farmers, and pastoral nomads.

The Arabs historically have been divided into tribes based on presumed descent from a common ancestor. The tribal system has largely disintegrated in urban areas and settled villages, however, and retains its strength only among the nomads of the plains who raise cattlesheepand camels.

Each Arab tribe or cluster of tribes is in turn assigned to a larger tribal grouping, of which the two largest are the Jalayin and the Juhaynah. The Juhaynah, by contrast, traditionally consisted of nomadic tribes, although some of them have now become settled.

All three of these tribes herd camels or cattle on the semiarid plains of western, central, and eastern Sudan. Besides Arabs, there are several Muslim but non-Arab groups in the country. The most notable of these are the Nubianswho live along the Nile in the far north and in southern Egypt. Most Nubians speak Arabic as a second language. The same applies to the Bejawho inhabit the Red Sea Hills. Although they adopted Islamthese pastoral nomads have retained their Bedawi languagewhich belongs to the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family.

Another non-Arab Muslim people is the Fur ; these sedentary agriculturalists live in or near the Marrah Mountains in the far west. North of the Fur are the Zaghawa, who are scattered in the border region between Sudan and Chad.

The vast majority of non-Muslim peoples in Sudan live in the south. One of the most prominent groups, the Nubalive in the Nuba Mountains. The Nuba are hill cultivators who have tended to be isolated from adjacent peoples in the Nile valley. They speak various Eastern Sudanic languagesamong them Midobi and Birked, that are collectively known as Hill Nubian.

Another southern group is the Dinkawho live near the border with South Sudan. The capital, Khartoum, in the centre of Sudan, is also home to non-Muslim populations.

As alluded to above, there are many languages spoken in Sudan. Arabic is the primary language of much of the population and is the most common medium for the conduct of government, commerce, and urban life throughout the country. Both Arabic and English are official working languages of the country and were designated as such by the interim constitution. The Nilo-Saharan languages include the many Nubian languagesspoken in various places across the country, the Zaghawa and Fur languagesspoken primarily in the west and southwest respectively, and the Dinka language, spoken in the south.

The Niger-Congo family is represented by the numerous Kordofanian languages, spoken in southern Sudan, and other languages spoken by smaller ethnic groups.Most Popular Animals Giraffe Long, black tongue can grow to 18 inches long!

Peacock Most commonly found on the Indian mainland! Llama Natively found in the Andes Mountain range! Chinchilla Natively found in the Andes Mountain range! Aardvark Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds! Abyssinian The oldest breed of cat in the world!

African Civet Secretes up to 4g of musk every week! African Clawed Frog A particularly ferocious amphibian! African Wild Dog Also known as the painted dog! Ant First evolved million years ago! Antelope Renew their horns every year! Baboon Can travel more than four miles a day! Barb There are over 2, known species! Barn Owl Found everywhere around the world! Bat Detects prey using echolocation! Beetle There are more thandifferent species. Bird Not all birds are able to fly!

Plant and animal life

Buffalo Has no real natural predators! Bumble Bee The most common species of bee! Butterfly There are thought to be up 20, species! Camel Can survive without water for 10 months! Caracal Has 20 different muscles in it's ears! Cat First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians! Caterpillar The larvae of a moth or butterfly! Catfish There are nearly 3, different species!

Chameleon There are more than different species! Cheetah The fastest land mammal in the world! Cichlid There are more than 1, known species! Cockroach Dated to be around million years old!

Common Buzzard The most common raptor in the UK!Sudan is one of the most diverse countries in the world with almost ethnic groups and over languages as well as dialects although some of the smaller ethnic groups have disappeared mainly because of migration.

animals in sudan

When smaller ethnic groups moved or migrated to other parts of the country, they become part of the dominant language or dialect in that part of the country, and slowly disappeared. Most parts of Sudan are in a desert, and baboons can live in different kinds of climates, in the desert as well as in the grassland.

Other types of animals such as antelopes, barbary sheep.

Sudanian Savanna

The four species are only found in the Sudan desert where certain types of animals can not survive. The four species are endangered with just very few specimens still left in the wild. Giant ground pangolin Cape pangolin Black-bellied pangolin Three-cusped pangolin.

Sponsored Links. Sudan was the biggest country in the continent of Africa before south Sudan split from it. The largest country in the continent of Africa is now Algeria. Northern Sudan lies between the Egyptian border and Khartoum, it divided into two distinct parts, the Nile valley and the Nubian desert, to the east of the Nile valley lies Nubian desert and the Libyan desert lies to the west Sponsored Links.

Add Ugfacts.Most Popular Animals Giraffe Long, black tongue can grow to 18 inches long! Peacock Most commonly found on the Indian mainland!

Llama Natively found in the Andes Mountain range! Chinchilla Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!

The Plants & Animals of Sudan

Aardvark Can move 2ft of soil in just 15 seconds! Abyssinian The oldest breed of cat in the world! African Bush Elephant Can drink up to 50 gallons a day. African Civet Secretes up to 4g of musk every week! African Clawed Frog A particularly ferocious amphibian! African Wild Dog Also known as the painted dog! Ant First evolved million years ago!

Antelope Renew their horns every year! Baboon Can travel more than four miles a day! Barb There are over 2, known species! Barn Owl Found everywhere around the world!

Bat Detects prey using echolocation! Beetle There are more thandifferent species. Bird Not all birds are able to fly! Buffalo Has no real natural predators! Bumble Bee The most common species of bee! Butterfly There are thought to be up 20, species! Caracal Has 20 different muscles in it's ears! Cat First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians! Caterpillar The larvae of a moth or butterfly! Catfish There are nearly 3, different species!

Chameleon There are more than different species! Cheetah The fastest land mammal in the world!

WCS

Cichlid There are more than 1, known species!KHARTOUM, Sudan -- Four lions in a rundown zoo in the capital of Sudan, wasting away from hunger, are undergoing lifesaving medical treatment from an international animal rescue organization.

The plight of the rail-thin lions in Al-Qurashi Park in Khartoum set off an outpouring of sympathy and donations from around the world. At least five lions, both male and female, once inhabited the zoo.

One lioness died of starvation last week. On Tuesday, veterinarians and wildlife experts from Vienna-based animal welfare group Four Paws International conducted medical checks at the park, which has fallen on hard times for lack of money and attention.

Four Paws faces a daunting task and its two-day trip has been dogged by challenges from the start. When the team arrived late Monday, customs agents confiscated most of their luggage and essential medicine, citing a lack of prior approval.

The group says it's operating with just a fraction of its equipment, and scrambling to find local alternatives. Although the group typically carries out rescue missions, it has no immediate plan to transport the animals in Al-Qurashi to better conditions abroad. The head of the park, Bader el-Deen Wassim, was more optimistic. The malnourished lions have become something of a symbol of the harsh effects of poverty in Sudan, where runaway price hikes marshaled a popular uprising that ousted longtime autocrat president Omar al-Bashir in April.

Sudan, now in a fraught transitional period, is struggling to recover from three decades of corruption, mismanagement and isolation under al-Bashir. Al-Bashir was convicted of corruption last month and sentenced to two years in a minimum security lock-up, where he awaits trial on separate charges over his role in the killing of protesters during the months before his ouster.

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ABC News Live.This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Sudan. There are mammal species in Sudanof which three are critically endangered, five are endangered, eleven are vulnerable, and nine are near threatened. One of the species listed for Sudan can no longer be found in the wild.

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature :. Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of near threatened and least concern categories:.

The order Tubulidentata consists of a single species, the aardvark. Tubulidentata are characterised by their teeth which lack a pulp cavity and form thin tubes which are continuously worn down and replaced.

The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. About the size of a domestic cat they are well-furred, with rounded bodies and a stumpy tail.

They are native to Africa and the Middle East. Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered. The order Primates contains humans and their closest relatives: lemurslorisoidstarsiersmonkeysand apes.

They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be kept short by gnawing.

The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae hares and rabbitsand Ochotonidae pikas. Though they can resemble rodentsand were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early 20th century, they have since been considered a separate order.

They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two. The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats. The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The shrews and solenodons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout-bodied burrowers.

The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals capable of flight. The order Pholidota comprises the eight species of pangolin.Sudan lies in the Northeastern part of Africa and the majority of the county is Muslim and Christian. Sudan was the biggest country in the continent of Africa before south Sudan split from it.

The largest country in the continent of Africa is now Algeria. Northern Sudan lies between the Egyptian border and Khartoum, it divided into two distinct parts, the Nile valley and the Nubian desert, to the east of the Nile valley lies Nubian desert and the Libyan desert lies to the west Sudan is one of the most diverse countries in the world with almost ethnic groups and over languages as well as dialects although some of the smaller ethnic groups have disappeared mainly because of migration.

When smaller ethnic groups moved or migrated to other parts of the country, they become part of the dominant language or dialect in that part of the country, and slowly disappeared. Most parts of Sudan are in a desert, and baboons can live in different kinds of climates, in the desert as well as in the grassland. Other types of animals such as antelopes, barbary sheep. Information about the animals living in Sudan is brought to you by "List of countries of the world"your first stop in discovering all countries and animals of the world.

The animals displayed on this page are grouped in their scientific order.


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