Groenlandia

It is an autonomous territory [10] within the Kingdom of Denmark. Though physiographically a part of the continent of North AmericaGreenland has been politically and culturally associated with Europe specifically Norway and Denmark, the colonial powersas well as the nearby island of Iceland for more than a millennium.

Nowadays, the population is largely concentrated on the southwest coast, while the rest of the island is sparsely populated. Greenland is divided into five municipalities — SermersooqKujalleqQeqertalikQeqqataand Avannaata. With a population of 56,[6] it is the least densely populated region in the world. The Arctic Umiaq Line ferry acts as a lifeline for western Greenland, connecting the various cities and settlements.

Greenland has been inhabited at intervals over at least the last 4, years by Arctic peoples whose forebears migrated there from what is now Canada. These Norsemen later set sail from Greenland and Iceland, with Leif Erikson becoming the first known European to reach North America nearly years before Columbus reached the Caribbean islands.

Explore Greenland

Inuit peoples arrived in the 13th century. Though under continuous influence of Norway and Norwegians, Greenland was not formally under the Norwegian crown until Soon after their demise, beginning inthe Portuguese briefly explored and claimed the island, naming it Terra do Lavrador later applied to Labrador in Canada. In the early 17th century, Danish explorers reached Greenland again.

To strengthen trading and power, Denmark—Norway affirmed sovereignty over the island. Because of Norway's weak status, it lost sovereignty over Greenland in when the union was dissolved.

Greenland became Danish in and was fully integrated in the state of 'The Kingdom of Denmark' in organised in the Constitution of the Realm of Denmark. With the Constitution of the people in Greenland became Nationals of the Realm of Denmark and where-until did not hold a nationality citizenship by law, but still remains stateless with self-rule within the Kingdom of Denmark status quo.

Greenland contains the world's largest and most northerly national parkNortheast Greenland National Park Kalaallit Nunaanni nuna eqqissisimatitaq. InDenmark granted home rule to Greenland; inGreenlanders voted in favor of the Self-Government Act, which transferred more power from the Danish government to the local Greenlandic government.

It also retains control of monetary policy, providing an initial annual subsidy of DKK 3. Greenland expects to grow its economy based on increased income from the extraction of natural resources. The capital, Nuuk, held the Arctic Winter Games. The early Norse settlers named the island as Greenland. In the Icelandic sagasthe Norwegian-born Icelander Erik the Red was said to be exiled from Iceland for manslaughter.

Along with his extended family and his thralls i.The economy is expanding after a period of decline. The economy contracted between andgrew by 1. The expansion has been driven by larger quotas for shrimp, the predominant Greenlandic export, and also by increased activity in the construction sector, especially in Nuuk, the capital.

Private consumption and tourism also are contributing to GDP growth more than in previous years. The public sector, including publicly owned enterprises and the municipalities, plays a dominant role in Greenland's economy.

During the last decade the Greenland Self Rule Government pursued conservative fiscal and monetary policies, but public pressure has increased for better schools, health care, and retirement systems. The government plans a balanced budget for the —20 period. Significant challenges face the island, including low levels of qualified labor, geographic dispersion, lack of industry diversification, the long-term sustainability of the public budget, and a declining population due to emigration.

Hydrocarbon exploration has ceased with declining oil prices. The island has potential for natural resource exploitation with rare-earth, uranium, and iron ore mineral projects proposed, but a lack of infrastructure hinders development. We read every letter or e-mail we receive, and we will convey your comments to CIA officials outside OPA as appropriate. However, with limited staff and resources, we simply cannot respond to all who write to us. Submit questions or comments online.

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CĂłmo es vivir en Groenlandia, donde el dĂ­a dura unas pocas horas en invierno

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Our response will occur via a secure method.La Groenlandia in groenlandese : Kalaallit Nunaatlett. Geograficamente parlando, appartiene alla placca nordamericana [3]mentre, dal punto di vista politico, costituisce una nazione in seno al Regno di Danimarca. Nel all'isola venne concesso l' autogoverno hjemmestyre dal Folketing il Parlamento danese mediante una legge approvata l' anno precedente. La regina di Danimarca rimane comunque il capo di Stato della Groenlandia. In seguito al referendum delsono state trasferite al governo locale le competenze in ambito legislativo, giudiziario e nella gestione delle risorse naturali [5] [6] [7].

Il norvegese Erik il Rosso fu esiliato dall' Islanda per aver commesso un omicidio. Si sa che lo stesso Erik il Rosso possedeva delle stalle in cui allevava fino a cento capi di bovini.

Non si conosce il periodo esatto dei primi insediamenti Inuit. Per quanto riguarda l'avventura vichinga del d. I primi colonizzatori furono quindi islandesi e si stabilirono sulla punta sud-occidentale dell'isola, dove prosperarono per i secoli successivi.

groenlandia

Le ossa ritrovate risalenti a questo periodo mostrano una condizione di forte malnutrizione. La piccola era glaciale ha costretto i Vichinghi ad abbandonare la Groenlandia e l'ultima notizia scritta riguarda una festa di nozze celebrata il 16 settembre nella chiesa di Hvalsey.

Solo le fondamenta della chiesa ricordano la vita rurale dei Vichinghi. Vennero mantenuti privilegi coloniali come il monopolio sui commerci.

Nel l'isola ha abbandonato la CEEa cui era unita dal in quanto parte della Danimarca. Sono inoltre cominciate le trattative per la completa indipendenza dell'isola.

groenlandia

Possiede, inoltre, un'amministrazione autonoma delle Poste ed emette dei francobolli, ma non conia monete. Confina con l' Oceano Artico a nord, con il Mare di Groenlandia a est, con l' Oceano Atlantico settentrionale a sud-est, con lo stretto di Davis a sud-ovest, con la baia di Baffin a ovest, con lo stretto di Nares e con il mare di Lincoln a nord-ovest. La calotta glaciale ricopre tutto l'interno del paese e arriva a uno spessore massimo di 3. La Groenlandia ha un clima polare. Dalla fine del secolo scorso, a causa di una serie di estati particolarmente calde, l'estensione della superficie ghiacciata si sta gradualmente riducendo.

Tra il e ilricercatori climatici statunitensi ed europei hanno perforato la vetta della calotta glaciale della Groenlandia, ottenendo un paio di carote di ghiaccio lunghe 3 km.

L'analisi della stratificazione e della composizione chimica dei nuclei ha fornito un nuovo record rivoluzionario di cambiamento climatico nell' emisfero settentrionalerisalente a circa Ci sono circa specie conosciute di insetti in Groenlandia, poche rispetto ad altri paesi oltre un milione di specie sono state descritte in tutto il mondo. Ci sono dozzine di specie di pinnipedi e balene lungo la costa. Quest'ultime passano di frequente molto vicino alle coste groenlandesi alla fine dell'estate e all'inizio dell'autunno.

Le specie di balene includono il belugala balenottera azzurrala balena della Groenlandiala balenottera comunela megatterail narvalola Globicephala e il capodoglio [24]. Tra i mammiferi mariniabbiamo la foca dal cappuccio e la foca grigia. I pochi mammiferi terrestri autoctoni presenti in Groenlandia includono l'orso polarela renna introdotta dagli europeila volpe articala lepre articail bue muschiatoil lemmingl' ermellino e il lupo artico. Gli ultimi quattro si trovano naturalmente solo in Groenlandia orientale, essendo immigrati dall' isola di Ellesmere.

Non ci sono rettili o anfibi nativi o viventi sull'isola. Fitogeograficamentela Groenlandia appartiene alla regione circumboreale nel regno olartico.

groenlandia

Alcune specie vegetali furono introdotte dai norvegesicome ad esempio la vicia cracca. Gli uccelli, in particolare gli uccelli marinisono una parte importante della vita animale della Groenlandia: popolazioni nidificanti di alcidipulcinelle di mareskua e gabbiani tridattili si trovano sui ripidi versanti delle montagne. Gli uccelli migratori nidificanti includono l' edredone comunela moretta codonail re degli edredonil' oca lombardella maggiorel' oca zamperosee e l' oca facciabianca.

Gli uccelli terrestri non migratori includono l' organetto articola pernice biancail gufo comuneil gufo delle neviil girfalco e l' aquila dalla coda bianca.Greenland is noted for its vast tundra and immense glaciers.

The Greenlandic people are primarily Inuit Eskimo. More than three times the size of the U. The nearest European country is Icelandlying about miles km across the Denmark Strait to the southeast. A submarine ridge no deeper than feet metres connects the island physically with North America. Structurally, Greenland is an extension of the Canadian Shieldthe rough plateau of the Canadian north that is made up of hard Precambrian rocks.

These highlands notwithstanding, most parts of the rock floor underlying the Greenland Ice Sheet are in fact at or slightly beneath current sea levels. Long, deep fjords reach far into both the east and west coasts of Greenland in complex systems, offering magnificent, if desolate, scenery.

Along many parts of the coast, the ice sheet fronts directly on the sea, with large chunks breaking off the glaciers and sliding into the water as icebergs. The climate of Greenland is Arctic, modified only by the slight influence of the Gulf Stream in the southwest.

Greenland experiences about two months of midnight sun during the summer. Average annual precipitation decreases from more than 75 inches 1, mm in the south to about 2 inches 50 mm in the north. Large areas of the island can be classified as Arctic deserts because of their limited precipitation. Infor example, satellites revealed that at midyear 97 percent of the ice sheet showed some signs of melting, whereas in most years the melt affected only about half of the ice sheet.

Researchers were uncertain, however, if the abrupt ice loss represented a long-term trend, but inas global warming pushed the planet toward the hottest January, February, March, April, and May in its history according to NASAGreenland also experienced a series of record early spikes in the melting of its ice sheets. Plantlike lichens also are common. The limited ice-free areas are almost totally devoid of trees, although some dwarfed birch, willow, and alder scrub do manage to survive in sheltered valleys in the south.

Several species of land mammals—including polar bears, musk oxenreindeerArctic foxes, snow hares, ermines, and lemmings—can be found on the island. Seals and whales are found in the surrounding waters and were formerly the chief source of nourishment for the Greenlanders.

Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Author of several studies of economic development in Greenland. See Article History. Britannica Quiz. Islands and Archipelagos. What are the islands that make up the Maldives made of? Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription.

Subscribe today. Load Next Page. More About. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.Check health authority recommendations and ensure you have travel insurance. This guide offers everything you need to know about how Greenland is living with climate change today, and where it might lead the country in the future.

Commercial airlines are the only way for travelers to get to Greenland, served by airports in Denmark and Iceland unless you arrive with a cruise ship. Read about boats, helicopters and planes that tie the country together in a web of sea and air connections operated by both large and small scale operators. Read about accommodation possibilities in Greenland - where is it possible to stay for longer or shorter period of time. Read more.

Why not combine your trip to Greenland with one of our music, sporting or cultural events? Use our event calendar to check out what's going on. Be aware that events may be affected by Coronavirus, so keep an eye on the web page for each event. Located right on the Arctic Circle in West Greenland, Sassannguit river had the promise of char fishing in exactly the pristine unspoiled wilderness I was hoping for.

Explore outdoor and nature activities, cultural experiences, hunting and fishing activities, coastal sailings and cruises in Greenland. Capital Region. North Greenland. Find practical information about cruises in Greenland. See the rich culinary tradition and innovation Greenland has to offer. Every year in Greenland some CDs featuring Greenlandic music are released. Explore Greenland. In winter. In summer. FAQs Corona Status.

Groenlandia

The Guide to Climate Change in Greenland This guide offers everything you need to know about how Greenland is living with climate change today, and where it might lead the country in the future. First time in Greenland?Fuente de la imagen, Getty. En la ciudad costera de Ilulissat, en el oeste de Groenlandia, el invierno llama.

Algunos parecen estar hechos de piel, otros parecen copos de crema. Algunos son de un azul intenso como un detergente poderoso.

El hielo en estas latitudes puede ser azul o blanco o puro como el diamante. En medio del hielo.

groenlandia

Afuera, el glaciar cruje y gime: pierde hielo. El sonido es desconcertante y continuo. Significa carga. Mi amiga Nikolena se burla. Los groenlandeses piensan que los europeos se agitan demasiado. Fuente de la imagen, Thinkstock.

Antonia Quirke BBC. Pie de foto, El hielo en estas latitudes puede ser azul o blanco o puro como el diamante. Pie de foto, A los groenlandeses les gusta el invierno. Mente en blanco. Fari simplemente encoge los hombros. Google Street View ahora muestra los impresionantes paisajes de Groenlandia 20 febrero En Groenlandia puede estar la clave de la diabetes 19 junio Descubren agua que no se congela bajo el hielo de Groenlandia 24 diciembre Orgasmo femenino "Las mujeres no necesitamos los preliminares.Su capital es Nuuk.

Groenlandia ha sido habitada, aunque no de forma continua, desde mediados del III milenio a. Los navegantes europeos Frobisher y John Davis siglo XVIvisitaron la isla sin encontrar descendientes de los antiguos colonos.

En el siglo XVIII llegaron pobladores daneses, quienes se asentaron en el oeste de la isla y fundaron Godthabllamada actualmente Nuuk.

El poder legislativo corresponde a un Parlamento de 31 miembros.

GIT - Una Y Otra Vez (tarado de cumpleaños)

El parlamento elegido en las elecciones de estaba compuesto por cinco partidos. Groenlandia mantiene algunos lazos con la UE gracias a Dinamarca. En desaparece el municipio de Qaasuitsupdando lugar a los municipios de Avannaata y Qeqertalik, formando actualmente 5 municipios. Es dicha corriente del Labradorla que explica la presencia de icebergs a unas latitudes mucho menores que en otras partes del hemisferio norte : el naufragio del Titanic es un buen ejemplo de esta lucha entre las dos corrientes.

Los planes para otros proyectos mineros son prometedores en la medida en que los precios internacionales de los minerales aumentan. De acuerdo a estimaciones decinco localidades superan los residentes.

La tasa de suicidios en Groenlandia es muy alta. El mayor aeropuerto sobre la costa occidental es el de Kangerlussuaqcon vuelos diarios principalmente a Copenhague. La cultura de Groenlandia comienza con el poblamiento por parte de los inuit de la cultura Dorset, desde el segundo milenio a. En el siglo X los vikingos de origen noruego poblaron la zona meridional de la isla, mientras que una nueva oleada inuit, la cultura Thulese introduce en la isla desde el Norte y se expande hacia el Sur.

Ambos objetos han de entenderse como un claro testimonio de las transacciones comerciales entre ambos pueblos. De esta forma, la isla se engloba desde entonces en su totalidad en la cultura Inuit, hasta la llegada de los daneses a principios del siglo XVIII. Tampoco se trata de un concepto temporal. De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre. Consultado el 3 de agosto de Consultado el 12 de febrero de Consultado el 29 de mayo de United Nations Statistics Division. Consultado el 24 de septiembre de Consultado el 3 de septiembre de La Vanguardia.


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